What is Transit Oriented Development?
Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is a strategy used across the world to deal with the challenges of urban sprawl by concentrating sports at a node or near a public transit station, hence increasing land use performance.
These characteristics are intended to: Increase access to public transportation in a residential, industrial, or mixed-use location (Chen, 2007). A TOD neighborhood often consists of a central area with a train station, metro station, tram stop, or bus stop, which is surrounded by relatively high-density development and a diversity of land uses (Chen, 2007). TOD also helps families to save money on accommodation and transportation. TOD addresses mobility and delivery issues by including facilities for non-motorized delivery and several intermediate delivery modes to link with.
Encourage the development of task centers and housing so that individuals’ desire to commute is reduced or a viable public transportation option is available.
Incorporate a housing mix to ensure a higher density of families in the development and, as a result, maximize the use of public transportation.Integrate city design, open space, and power performance regulations to limit the potential for city reviews to deteriorate as a result of higher density living.
The term transit oriented development (TOD) was coined by Peter Calthorpe in North America and is defined as a walkable, mixed-use kind of development within a walking and bicycling radius of a mass transit station. Such pedestrian-friendly characteristics encourage people to stay near public transportation and reduce their reliance on personal automobiles (Still, 2002). TOD is now advocated as a long-term solution to sprawl and vehicle reliance since it supports the best possible use of existing infrastructure, as well as optimizing transit networks and expanding mobility options for transit users and neighborhood inhabitants.
Aside from its role in forming compact, walkable communities, TOD is increasingly being considered as a primary strategy for addressing the extreme and evolving issues of weather change and global power protection by forming dense, walkable communities that significantly reduce the need for riding and power consumption.
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