Peat moss is a type of organic material that is commonly used as a soil amendment and growing medium in horticulture and agriculture. It is formed by the accumulation of partially decomposed plant material, mostly mosses, over many thousands of years in waterlogged environments such as bogs and fens.
Peat moss has a high capacity for water retention and can absorb up to 20 times its weight in water. It also has a low pH and a low nutrient content, making it ideal for acid-loving plants such as blueberries, rhododendrons, and azaleas. In addition to its use as a soil amendment, peat moss is also used in the horticultural industry as a seed-starter, a mulch, and a component of potting mixes.
However, there are concerns about the environmental impact of harvesting peat moss, as it is a non-renewable resource and its extraction can damage sensitive ecosystems. As a result, alternative organic materials such as coconut coir, compost, and bark are being increasingly used in place of peat moss.
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