What is the House Registration Process in India? Details, Documents, Process and Charges

Buying a home is like going on a grand adventure filled with anticipation, excitement, and the promise of a new beginning. But much like any adventure, it comes with its set of challenges and obstacles. Imagine standing at the threshold of your dream home, the key in your hand, and knowing that you’ve managed every twist and turn with confidence. To turn this dream into reality without stress, this blog will guide you through the house registration process in India, detailing the required documents, the step-by-step process, the associated costs, and the benefits of house registration. 

Required Documents for House Registration

House registration is a mandatory legal process in India. To make the process smooth, you need to have all the necessary documents in place. Here are the essential documents for house registration:

  • Sale Deed: This is the primary document that proves the sale and transfer of property from the seller to the buyer.
  • Title Deeds: Documents that establish the ownership history of the property.
  • Encumbrance Certificate: This certificate ensures that the property is free from any legal liabilities or loans.
  • Identity Proofs: Valid ID proofs of both the buyer and the seller, such as an Aadhar card, PAN card, passport, or voter ID.
  • Property Tax Receipts: Receipts showing the property taxes have been paid up to date.
  • No Objection Certificates (NOCs): NOCs from relevant authorities like the municipal corporation.
  • Building Approval Plan: Approved plans from the local municipal authority.
  • Occupancy Certificate (OC): If available, this certificate states the property is ready for occupancy.
  • Completion Certificate (CC): If available, certifies that the building is constructed according to the approved plan.
  • Power of Attorney: If someone else is registering on behalf of the owner.
  • Survey Maps: Maps showing the exact location and boundaries of the property.
  • Mutation Extracts: Records of ownership changes in revenue records.
  • Legal Heirship Certificate: In case the property is inherited.
  • Other Relevant Documents: Any other documents required as per the state regulations.
Required Documents for House registration

House Registration Process

Registering a house in India involves several steps. Here’s a detailed look at the house registration process:

Offline Property Registration Process

  • Document Verification: Verify all the required documents, including the sale deed, title deeds, encumbrance certificate, identity proofs, property tax receipts, and NOCs.
  • Stamp Duty Payment: Visit an authorised bank or treasury to pay the stamp duty based on the property’s value as per the state’s stamp duty laws. Obtain the stamp paper or e-stamp certificate as proof of payment.
  • Visit Sub-Registrar’s Office: Both the buyer and seller, along with two witnesses, must visit the Sub-Registrar’s Office within the property’s jurisdiction. Submit the sale deed and other required documents.
  • Execution of Sale Deed: The buyer and seller sign the sale deed in the presence of the Sub-Registrar and witnesses.
  • Registration: The Sub-Registrar registers the sale deed after verifying the documents and collecting the applicable fees. The buyer receives the certified copy of the registered deed as proof of ownership.
  • Mutation of Property Title: Apply for the mutation of property title in the municipal records to update the ownership details.
Offline Property Registration Process

Online Property Registration Process

  • Pre-Registration Process: Visit the official website of the state’s Department of Registration and Stamps. Create an account and fill in the required details for online registration.
  • Document Upload: Upload scanned copies of all necessary documents, including the sale deed, identity proofs, encumbrance certificate, and property tax receipts.
  • Payment of Stamp Duty: Pay the stamp duty online through the designated payment gateway as per the property’s value.
  • Appointment Booking: Book an appointment for document verification and registration at the Sub-Registrar’s Office.
  • Verification and Registration: Visit the Sub-Registrar’s Office on the appointed date, along with the original documents for verification. The Sub-Registrar registers the sale deed and provides the certified copy of the registered deed electronically.
  • Mutation of Property Title: Apply online for the mutation of property title in the municipal records and track the status of the application through the portal.
Online Property Registration Process

How Much Does It Cost to Register a Home in India?

The cost of registering a home in India primarily includes stamp duty and registration fees. These charges can vary depending on the state, location of the property, and the property’s value.

Stamp Duty

Stamp duty is a tax levied by the state government on property transactions. It typically ranges from 5% to 7% of the property’s registered value but can be higher in some states. Some states offer concessions based on factors like:

Location (urban vs. rural)

  • Gender of the property buyer (women might receive a discount)
  • Property value (affordable housing might have lower rates)

Registration Fees

The registration fee is usually around 1% of the property’s registered value, with a possible cap (e.g., a maximum of Rs. 30,000). This fee covers the cost of recording the sale deed with the government authorities.

Additional Charges

There might be minor charges like document preparation fees, processing fees, etc. Always factor in these costs when calculating the total expense of buying a property.

Fees for House Registration in Metro Cities

Registration fees can differ significantly in metro cities. Here’s a quick look at the charges in some of the major cities:

  • Delhi: 1% of the market value of the property, plus pasting charges of Rs 100.
  • Mumbai: 1% of the property value and Rs 30,000 for property worth more than Rs 30 lakh.
  • Bangalore: 1% of the property value.
  • Chennai: 1% of the market value.

Factors Affecting House Registration Charges

Several factors can influence the registration charges for a house. These include:

  • Property Type: Commercial properties generally have higher registration fees compared to residential properties.
  • Age of the Property: New properties may attract higher charges compared to older properties.
  • Transfer Type: Registration fees may be lower for properties transferred as gifts or within the family.
  • Property Location: Properties in prime locations or developed cities may have higher charges.
  • Owner’s Gender: Some states offer discounts if the property is registered in a woman’s name.
  • Amenities: Properties with additional amenities like a gym, swimming pool, or clubhouse may attract higher charges.

Benefits of House Registration

Registering your house offers several benefits, including:

  • Legal Ownership: House registration provides legal recognition of ownership, making it easier to resolve any disputes.
  • Protection Against Fraud: Registered properties have a clear chain of ownership, reducing the risk of fraud.
  • Ease of Mutation: Registered properties can be easily transferred in municipal records, ensuring proper taxation.
  • Tax Benefits: Registered properties may qualify for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • Encroachment Prevention: Registered properties are less likely to be encroached upon, as ownership details are clearly recorded.
  • Access to Loans: Registered properties can be used as collateral for obtaining loans.

Property registration is a crucial step in any real estate transaction, ensuring legal compliance and protecting the interests of all parties involved. By understanding the process, gathering the required documents, and being aware of the associated charges, you can understand house registration in India with confidence. 

For expert guidance on property registration and to simplify the process, reach out to PropertyPistol. The team is there to help you every step of the way. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which Law Governs Property Registration in India?

Property registration in India is governed by the Registration Act of 1908. This Act mandates the registration of property transactions to ensure legal ownership and protect the interests of both buyers and sellers.

How Long Does It Take to Obtain the Registration Document?

The time taken to obtain the registration document can vary. In metro cities, it usually takes 2 to 3 days, while in rural areas, it can take up to 7 days. The process can be expedited if all documents are in order and the required fees are paid on time.

What Documents are Required for House Registration?

The documents required for house registration include the sale deed, title deeds, encumbrance certificate, identity proofs, property tax receipts, NOCs, building approval plan, occupancy certificate, completion certificate, power of attorney, survey maps, mutation extracts, legal heirship certificate, and any other relevant documents as per state regulations.

Disclaimer: The views expressed above are for informational purposes only based on industry reports and related news stories. PropertyPistol does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information and shall not be held responsible for any action taken based on the published information.

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